The Web Of Subversion: Underground Networks in the U.S. Government
During the 1930’s and ’40’s an invisible web was spun over Washington. Its interlaced threads were extended to nearly every executive department and agency, to the military establishment, the White House itself, and to many of the committees of Congress. Through the records of the Congressional investigating committees and through the trials of Alger Hiss, the Communist leaders and the atom spies, part of the pattern of this web can now be traced. The existence of the web, and its general significance, are now, I think, beyond the doubt of any reasonable man who becomes acquainted with the evidence that has already been assembled.
It is the business of this book to summarize this evidence, and to fit its scattered pieces together. That task will be easier if we understand from the outset that the web over Washington is only one section of a giant web that stretches with one or another degree of tenacity over the entire earth. Its center is Moscow’s Kremlin. This world-wide web is, of course, simply one embodiment of the Soviet Communist world conspiracy.
In reality one should say that there are several interlacing webs, interlocked networks. They are part of the underground. They are field units of the secret, illegal apparatus of the Communist enterprise and the Soviet state.
The Communist leaders have always stressed the necessity for illegal, underground activity. They have always insisted that it is more important than the legal, public activities of “open” Communists. “Legal work,” Lenin declared in an attack on the British socialist, Ramsay MacDonald, “must be combined with illegal work. The Bolsheviks always taught this. … The party which … does not carry on systematic, all-sided, illegal work in spite of the laws of the bourgeoisie and of the bourgeois parliaments, is a party of traitors and scoundrels.” In a document submitted to a Congress of the Communist International, and there adopted, he repeated: “The time has fully matured when it is absolutely necessary for every Communist Party systematically to combine legal with illegal work … legal with illegal organizations. …” The third of the Twenty-one Conditions of Admission to the Communist International is that a party must “create, parallel to its legal organization, a secret apparatus, capable of fulfilling, at the decisive moment, its duty to the Revolution.”
From the Communist point of view, in fact, open Communist activities are primarily an auxiliary and front for the underground—“a screen,” as Stalin expressed it, “behind which … illegal activities for the revolutionary preparation of the masses may be intensified.”
The Communists aim, through the underground, to infiltrate every region and level of society. In What Is To Be Done?, the basic work of the Communist doctrine, Lenin states that revolutionists “must go among all classes of the population, must despatch units of their army in all directions.” (Lenin’s italics.) We must, he says, “have ‘our own men’ everywhere, among all social strata, in all positions.”
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